# Fluid Mechanics (CE2513)

None

##### Recommended Book(s)

Fluid Mechanics With Engineering Application,  Daugherty, R.L.,J.B. Franzini And Fenimore, Latest Edition

##### Reference Book(s)

Fundamentals Of Fluid Mechanics, Monson Young,  Latest Edition

Fluid Mechanics, Douglus,McGraw-Hill Inc.

## Course Objectives

1. To understand fundamentals of fluid mechanics. 2. To enhance skills of utilizing fluid mechanics for civil engineering applications.

## Course Learning Outcomes (CLO)

CLO:1            Understand the basic concept of fluid statics and kinematics.

CLO:2            Understand the steady flow through pipes.

CLO:3            Have knowledge about fluid mechanics application in civil engineering.

CLO:4            Have knowledge about uniform flow in open channels.

## Introduction

• Solids and fluids (liquids and gases)

• Units and dimensions

• Physical properties of fluids; density, specific weight, specific volume, specific gravity, surface tension, compressibility

• Viscosity and its measurement

• Newton's equation of viscosity

• Hydrostatics

• Kinematics

• Hydrodynamics

•  Hydraulics

## Fluid Statics

• Pressure intensity and pressure head

• Pressure and specific weight relationship

• Absolute and gauge pressure

• Measurement of pressure

• Piezometer, manometer

• Pressure transducers

• Differential manometer and Borden gauge

## Forces on Immersed Bodies

• Forces on submerged planes & curved surfaces and their applications

• Drag and lift forces, buoyancy and floatation

• Equilibrium of floating and submerged bodies

## Fluid Kinematics

• Laminar and turbulent flow

• Uniform and non-uniform flow

• Pathline streamlines and stream tubes

• Velocity and discharge

• Control volume

• Equation of continuity for compressible and incompressible fluids

## Hydrodynamics

• Different forms of energy in a flowing liquid

• Bernoulli's equation and its application

• Energy line and Hydraulic Gradient Line

• Introduction to density currents, free and forced vortex

• Forces on pressure conduits, reducers and bends, stationary and moving blades

• Torques in rotating machines

## Flow Measurement

• Orifices and mouthpieces, sharp-crested weirs and notches

• Pitot tube and pitot static tube

• Venturimeter, velocity methods

## Steady Flow through Pipes

• Darcy-Weisbach equation for flow in pipes

• Losses in pipe lines

• Hydraulic grade lines and energy lines

• Pipes in series and parallel

• Transmission of energy through pipes

• Introduction to computer aided analysis of pipe networks

## Uniform Flow in Open Channels

• Chezy’s and Manning’s equations

• Bazin’s and Kutter’s equations

• Most economical rectangular and trapezoidal sections

## Mapping of CLOs to Program Learning Outcomes

 CLO’s CLO-1 (Basic Concept) CLO-2 (Design Parameters) CLO-3  (Application) CLO-4 (Characteristics Of Uniform Flow) PLO’s PLO-1 (Engineering Knowledge) √ PLO-2 (Problem Analysis) √ √ √ PLO-3 (Design/Development of Solutions) PLO-4 (Investigation) PLO-5 (Modern Tool Usage) PLO-6 (The Engineer and Society) PLO-7 (Environment and Sustainability) PLO-8 (Ethics) PLO-9 (Individual and Team work) PLO-10 (Communication) PLO-11 (Project Management) PLO-12 (Lifelong Learning)

## Mapping of CLOs to Assessment Modules

 CLOs CLO:1 CLO:2 CLO:3 CLO:4 Assessment Modules Assignments (20-25%) √ √ Quizzes (15-20%) √ √ √ Midterm Exam (20%) √ √ Final Exam (40-45%) √ √ √ √