Fluid Mechanics (CE2513)

Pre-requisite(s)

None

Recommended Book(s)

Fluid Mechanics With Engineering Application,  Daugherty, R.L.,J.B. Franzini And Fenimore, Latest Edition

Reference Book(s)

Fundamentals Of Fluid Mechanics, Monson Young,  Latest Edition

Fluid Mechanics, Douglus,McGraw-Hill Inc.

Course Objectives

1. To understand fundamentals of fluid mechanics. 2. To enhance skills of utilizing fluid mechanics for civil engineering applications.

Course Learning Outcomes (CLO)

CLO:1            Understand the basic concept of fluid statics and kinematics.

CLO:2            Understand the steady flow through pipes.

CLO:3            Have knowledge about fluid mechanics application in civil engineering.

CLO:4            Have knowledge about uniform flow in open channels.

Course Contents

Introduction

  • Solids and fluids (liquids and gases)

  • Units and dimensions

  • Physical properties of fluids; density, specific weight, specific volume, specific gravity, surface tension, compressibility

  • Viscosity and its measurement

  • Newton's equation of viscosity

  • Hydrostatics

  • Kinematics

  • Hydrodynamics

  •  Hydraulics

Fluid Statics

  • Pressure intensity and pressure head

  • Pressure and specific weight relationship

  • Absolute and gauge pressure

  • Measurement of pressure

  • Piezometer, manometer

  • Pressure transducers

  • Differential manometer and Borden gauge

Forces on Immersed Bodies

  • Forces on submerged planes & curved surfaces and their applications

  • Drag and lift forces, buoyancy and floatation

  • Equilibrium of floating and submerged bodies

Fluid Kinematics

  • Steady and unsteady flow

  • Laminar and turbulent flow

  • Uniform and non-uniform flow

  • Pathline streamlines and stream tubes

  • Velocity and discharge

  • Control volume

  • Equation of continuity for compressible and incompressible fluids

Hydrodynamics

  • Different forms of energy in a flowing liquid

  • Bernoulli's equation and its application

  • Energy line and Hydraulic Gradient Line

  • Introduction to density currents, free and forced vortex

  • Forces on pressure conduits, reducers and bends, stationary and moving blades

  • Torques in rotating machines

Flow Measurement

  • Orifices and mouthpieces, sharp-crested weirs and notches

  • Pitot tube and pitot static tube

  • Venturimeter, velocity methods

Steady Flow through Pipes

  • Darcy-Weisbach equation for flow in pipes

  • Losses in pipe lines

  • Hydraulic grade lines and energy lines

  • Pipes in series and parallel

  • Transmission of energy through pipes

  • Introduction to computer aided analysis of pipe networks

Uniform Flow in Open Channels

  • Chezy’s and Manning’s equations

  • Bazin’s and Kutter’s equations

  • Most economical rectangular and trapezoidal sections

 

 

Mapping of CLOs to Program Learning Outcomes

CLO’s

CLO-1

(Basic Concept)

CLO-2

(Design Parameters)

CLO-3

 (Application)

CLO-4

(Characteristics Of Uniform Flow)

PLO’s

PLO-1

(Engineering Knowledge)

 

 

 

PLO-2

(Problem Analysis)

 

PLO-3

(Design/Development of Solutions)

 

 

 

 

PLO-4

(Investigation)

 

 

 

 

PLO-5

(Modern Tool Usage)

 

 

 

 

PLO-6

(The Engineer and Society)

 

 

 

 

PLO-7

(Environment and Sustainability)

 

 

 

 

PLO-8

(Ethics)

 

 

 

 

PLO-9

(Individual and Team work)

 

 

 

 

PLO-10

(Communication)

 

 

 

 

PLO-11

(Project Management)

 

 

 

 

PLO-12

(Lifelong Learning)

 

 

 

 

Mapping of CLOs to Assessment Modules

CLOs

CLO:1

CLO:2

CLO:3

CLO:4

Assessment Modules

Assignments (20-25%)

 

 

Quizzes (15-20%)

 

Midterm Exam (20%)

 

 

Final Exam (40-45%)