Hydrology & Water Resources Management (CE3543)

Pre-requisite(s)

None

Recommended Book(s)

Introduction To Hydrology, 5th Edition Prentice Hall. Warren Viessman, Jr. And Gary L. Lewis

Reference Book(s)

Hydrology For Engineers, R. K. Linsley, Max A. Kohler, And Joseph L. Paulhus, McGraw-Hill Education (ISE Editions); International 2 Revised Edition (June 1, 1982)

Water Resources Engineering, Linsley, R. K., J. Franzini, McGraw Hill; 4th Edition (June 1, 1992)

Course Objectives

To enable students to learn basic areas of hydrological engineering and principles of water management particularly in irrigated agriculture.

Course Learning Outcomes (CLO)

CLO:1            Gain the ability to learn basic areas of hydrological engineering.

CLO:2            Gain the ability to measure different hydrological quantities/components such as precipitation, stream flows, run-offs, and ground water.

CLO:3            Be able to develop design worksheets and use of software.

Course Contents

Introduction

  • Hydrology

  • Hydrologic cycle and the water balance equation

  • Practical uses of hydrology

  • Importance of hydrology

Water Resources

  • Planning and development of water resources projects

  • Domestic

  • Industrial

  • Agricultural and other water usages

  • Water resources in Pakistan

Water Management

  • Water management practices at basin level, canal level and farm level

Meteorology

  • The atmosphere and its composition, dew point and its measurement devices

  • Saturation deficit

  • The general circulation of wind system, the monsoons and western disturbances

  • Measurement of air temperature, relative humidity, radiation, sunshine, atmospheric pressure and wind velocity & direction

Precipitation

  • Types of precipitation

  • Factors necessary for the formation of precipitation

  • Measurement of precipitation

  • Interpretation of precipitation data

  • Computation of average rainfall over a basin

Evaporation and Transpiration

  • Factors affecting evaporation

  • Measurement of evaporation

  • Evapo-transpiration

Stream Flow

  • Water Stage and its measurement

  • Selection of site for stage recorder

  • Selection of control and metering section

  • Methods of measurement of stream flow

  • Interpretation of stream flow data

  • Return period

Runoff & Hydrographs

  • Factors affecting runoff

  • Estimating the volume of storm runoff

  • Characteristics of Hydrograph

  • Components of a hydrograph

  • Hydrograph separation

  • Estimating the volume of direct runoff

  • Introduction to unit hydrograph concept

  • S-curve

  • Application of probability in determining maxima/minima of discharge

  • Types of histogram and distribution

Stream Flow Routing

  • Introduction to floods and its causes

  • Frequency and duration analysis

  • Reservoir routing

  • Channel routing

  • Flood Control

  • Introduction to Hydrological Modeling

Groundwater

  • Introduction

  • Sources and discharge of ground water

  • Water table and artesian aquifer

  • Ground water hydraulics

  • Pumping test

  • Tube well technology

Computer Application

  •  Development of design worksheets and use of software (if any)

Mapping of CLOs to Program Learning Outcomes


                     CLO’s

CLO-1

(Basic knowledge)

CLO-2

(Ability to measure water quantities)

CLO-3

 (Computer Application)

PLO’s

PLO-1

(Engineering Knowledge)

 

 

PLO-2

(Problem Analysis)

 

 

 

PLO-3

(Design/Development of Solutions)

 

 

 

PLO-4

(Investigation)

 

 

PLO-5

(Modern Tool Usage)

 

 

PLO-6

(The Engineer and Society)

 

 

 

PLO-7

(Environment and Sustainability)

 

 

 

PLO-8

(Ethics)

 

 

 

PLO-9

(Individual and Team work)

 

 

 

PLO-10

(Communication)

 

 

 

PLO-11

(Project Management)

 

 

 

PLO-12

(Lifelong Learning)

 

 

 

Mapping of CLOs to Assessment Modules

CLOs

 

CLO-1

(Basic knowledge)

CLO-2

(Ability to measure water quantities)

CLO-3

 (Computer Application)

 

Assessment Modules

Assignments (20-25%)

 

Quizzes (15-20%)

Midterm Exam (20%)

 

Final Exam (40-45%)