Capital University of Science & Technology

Linear Circuit Analysis (EE1213)


Applied Differential Equation (MT-1043)

Recommended Book(s)

Fundamentals of Engineering Circuits by Alexander Ssdiku3rd Edition

Reference Book(s)

Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis by J. DAVID IRWIN , Network

analysis by Van Walken Berg

Course Objectives

The main objective of this course is the analysis of physical circuits through the use of Kirchhoff's laws and ideal circuit element models. Strong emphasis is placed on the formulation of nodal equations for linear resistive circuits as a foundation, but generalizations necessary for handling nonlinear elements are also highlighted. Consequences of linearity are emphasized through superposition and Thevenin/Norton equivalents. Transient analysis of first order circuits with unit step inputs and switched dc sources is emphasized to promote understanding of time-domain linear circuit response.

Course Learning Outcomes (CLO)

CLO:1. Acquire knowledge related to basic concepts, network laws and theorems used to analyze linear circuits.

CLO:2. To analyze and understand the linear circuits using the network laws and theorems.

CLO:3. Describe the behavior of energy storing elements and their transient response analysis.

CLO:4. Analyze and understand the steady state response of resistive and reactive elements to AC excitation.

Course Contents

Basic Electrical Concepts
  • Charge, Current, Voltage, Power
  • Voltage and Current source


 Voltage and Current Laws
  • Ohm’s Law
  • Kirchhoff’s Current Law
  • Kirchhoff’s Voltage Law
  • Voltage Division in Series
  • Current Division in Parallel
  • Series and Parallel Sources


Nodal and Mesh Analysis
  • Nodal Analysis and Super Node
  • Mesh Analysis and Super Mesh
  • Comparison between Nodal and Mesh Analysis


Circuit Analysis Techniques
  • Linearity and Superposition
  • Source Transformation
  • Thevenin’s and Norton’s Theorem
  • Maximum Power Transfer
  • Delta-Wye Transformations


Energy Storing Elements
  • The Inductor
  • The Capacitor
  • Physical construction and Mathematical Model


 First Order Circuits (RL and RC)
  • Transient Response
  • Steady State Response
  • Unit Step Response


 Steady State AC Circuits
  • Introduction to sinusoids and Phasors
  • Impedance and admittance
  • Kirchhoff’s Law and analysis in frequency domain
  • Power calculations and power factor.

Simple Applications

Mapping of CLOs to Program Learning Outcomes






PLO:1 (Engineering Knowledge)




PLO:2 (Problem Analysis)




PLO:3 (Design and Development of Solutions)




PLO:4 (Investigation)





PLO:5 (Modern Tool Usage)





PLO:6 (The Engineer and Society)





PLO:7 (Environment and Sustainability)





PLO:8 (Ethics)





PLO:9 (Individual and Team Work)





PLO:10 (Communication)





PLO:11 (Project Management)





PLO:12 (Life Long Learning)