Thermodynamics - I (ME1113)



Recommended Book(s)

Fundamentals Of Engineering Thermodynamics, 6th Edition, Moran And Shapiro  

Reference Book(s)

Thermodynamics: An Engineering Approach, 6th Edition, Cengel And Boles

Fundamentals Of Thermodynamics, 6th Edition, Sontagg, Borgnakke And Van Wylen

Course Objectives

Thermodynamics is an engineering science that is central to most mechanical engineering applications. This course provides an introduction to the thermodynamic concepts that will be required in following courses and in professional applications. The course provides a background for understanding how energy systems such as engines and refrigerators operate.

Course Learning Outcomes (CLO)

  1. CLO-1: Apply the first law of thermodynamics to closed systems and compute the thermodynamic properties of fluids. (C3) 
  2. CLO-2: Construct thermodynamic processes on appropriate diagrams and apply the second law of thermodynamics in view of entropy balance.(C3) 
  3. CLO-3: Apply the second law of thermodynamics to refrigeration and heat pump cycles with a view to improve their performance. (C3) 

Course Contents

Chapter 1 - Introductory Concepts – Two lectures

  • Using Thermodynamics
  • Defining System
  • Describing System and their Behavior
  • Measuring Mass, Length and Force
  • Specific Volume and Pressure


Chapter 2 - Energy and First Law of Thermodynamics – Three lectures

  • Energy
  • Energy Transfer by Heat
  • Energy Balance for Closed Systems
  • Energy Analysis of Cycles


Chapter 3 - Evaluating Properties – Six lectures

  • Fixing the states
  • p-v-T Relationships
  • Retrieving Thermodynamics Properties
  • Generalized Compressibility Charts
  • Ideal Gas Model
  • Internal Energy, Enthalpy, and Specific Heats of Ideal Gases
  • Evaluating change in u and h
  • Polytropic Process of an Ideal Gas


Chapter 4 – Control Volume Analysis Using Energy – Five lectures

  • Conservation of Mass for a Control Volume
  • Conservation of Energy for a Control Volume
  • Analyzing Control Volumes at Steady states
  • Transient Analysis


Chapter 5 - The Second Law of Thermodynamics – Seven lectures

  • Introducing the Second Law
  • Identifying the Irreversibilities
  • Applying the Second Law to Thermodynamics Cycles
  • Defining the Kelvin Temperature Scale
  • Maximum Performance Measures for Cycles Operating between Two Reservoirs
  • Carnot Cycle


Chapter 6 - Using Entropy – Eight lectures

  • Introducing Entropy
  • Defining Entropy Change
  • Retrieving Entropy Data
  • Entropy change in Internally Reversible Processes
  • Entropy Balance for Closed Systems
  • Entropy Rate Balance for Control Volumes
  • Isentropic Processes
  • Isentropic Efficiencies of Turbines, Nozzles, Compressors, and Pumps
  • Heat Transfer and Work in Internally Reversible, Steady-States Flow Processes


Chapter 7 – Introduction to Exergy and Revision – One lecture

Mapping of CLOs to Program Learning Outcomes





PLO:1 (Engineering Knowledge)



PLO:2 (Problem Analysis)


PLO:3 (Design Development of Solutions)




PLO:4 (Investigation)




PLO:5 (Modern Tool Usage)


PLO:6 (Engineer & Society)




PLO:7 (Environment and Sustainability)




PLO:8 (Ethics)




PLO:9 (Individual & Team Work)




PLO:10 (Communication)




PLO:11 (Project Management)




PLO:12 (Life Long Learning)




Mapping of CLOs to Assessment Modules

Assessment Modules \ CLOs



Assignments (15%)



Quizzes (15%)



Midterm Exam (20%)



Final Exam (50%)