Fluid Mechanics (CE2513)

None

Recommended Book(s)

Fluid Mechanics With Engineering Application,  Daugherty, R.L.,J.B. Franzini And Fenimore, Latest Edition

Reference Book(s)

Fundamentals Of Fluid Mechanics, Monson Young,  Latest Edition

Fluid Mechanics, Douglus,McGraw-Hill Inc.

Course Objectives

1. To understand fundamentals of fluid mechanics. 2. To enhance skills of utilizing fluid mechanics for civil engineering applications.

Course Learning Outcomes (CLO)

CLO:1            Understand the basic concept of fluid statics and kinematics.

CLO:2            Understand the steady flow through pipes.

CLO:3            Have knowledge about fluid mechanics application in civil engineering.

CLO:4            Have knowledge about uniform flow in open channels.

Introduction

• Solids and fluids (liquids and gases)

• Units and dimensions

• Physical properties of fluids; density, specific weight, specific volume, specific gravity, surface tension, compressibility

• Viscosity and its measurement

• Newton's equation of viscosity

• Hydrostatics

• Kinematics

• Hydrodynamics

•  Hydraulics

Fluid Statics

• Pressure intensity and pressure head

• Pressure and specific weight relationship

• Absolute and gauge pressure

• Measurement of pressure

• Piezometer, manometer

• Pressure transducers

• Differential manometer and Borden gauge

Forces on Immersed Bodies

• Forces on submerged planes & curved surfaces and their applications

• Drag and lift forces, buoyancy and floatation

• Equilibrium of floating and submerged bodies

Fluid Kinematics

• Laminar and turbulent flow

• Uniform and non-uniform flow

• Pathline streamlines and stream tubes

• Velocity and discharge

• Control volume

• Equation of continuity for compressible and incompressible fluids

Hydrodynamics

• Different forms of energy in a flowing liquid

• Bernoulli's equation and its application

• Energy line and Hydraulic Gradient Line

• Introduction to density currents, free and forced vortex

• Forces on pressure conduits, reducers and bends, stationary and moving blades

• Torques in rotating machines

Flow Measurement

• Orifices and mouthpieces, sharp-crested weirs and notches

• Pitot tube and pitot static tube

• Venturimeter, velocity methods

• Darcy-Weisbach equation for flow in pipes

• Losses in pipe lines

• Hydraulic grade lines and energy lines

• Pipes in series and parallel

• Transmission of energy through pipes

• Introduction to computer aided analysis of pipe networks

Uniform Flow in Open Channels

• Chezy’s and Manning’s equations

• Bazin’s and Kutter’s equations

• Most economical rectangular and trapezoidal sections

Mapping of CLOs to Program Learning Outcomes

 CLO’s CLO-1 (Basic Concept) CLO-2 (Design Parameters) CLO-3  (Application) CLO-4 (Characteristics Of Uniform Flow) PLO’s PLO-1 (Engineering Knowledge) √ PLO-2 (Problem Analysis) √ √ √ PLO-3 (Design/Development of Solutions) PLO-4 (Investigation) PLO-5 (Modern Tool Usage) PLO-6 (The Engineer and Society) PLO-7 (Environment and Sustainability) PLO-8 (Ethics) PLO-9 (Individual and Team work) PLO-10 (Communication) PLO-11 (Project Management) PLO-12 (Lifelong Learning)

Mapping of CLOs to Assessment Modules

 CLOs CLO:1 CLO:2 CLO:3 CLO:4 Assessment Modules Assignments (20-25%) √ √ Quizzes (15-20%) √ √ √ Midterm Exam (20%) √ √ Final Exam (40-45%) √ √ √ √