Clinical pharmacy is defined as an area of pharmacy concerned with the science and practice of rational medication use. Clinical pharmacy is a health science discipline in which pharmacists provide patient care that optimizes medication therapy and promotes health, and disease prevention. The practice of clinical pharmacy embraces the philosophy of pharmaceutical care, blending a caring orientation with specialized therapeutic knowledge, experience, and judgment to ensure optimal patient outcomes. As a discipline, clinical pharmacy also has an obligation to contribute to the generation of new knowledge that advances health and quality of life.
COURSE LEARNING OUTCOMES (CLO)
CLO: 1. To choose and justify appropriate drug therapy concerning medication, dosage, dosing interval, dosage form and duration of treatment adapted to the given patient and other drug treatment.
CLO: 2. To propose treatment goals and actions and motivate the latter on the basis of recommendations and evidence summaries and patient-related factors.
CLO: 3. To Develop RDT & care plans for the pathological condition concerning Cardiovascular Pulmonary and Gastric Diseases.
- PHARMACOTHERAPY PLAN:
- Developing, Implementing and Monitoring Drug Therapy Plans:
- Pharmacist work up of drug therapy (PWDT)
- Documentation of Pharmacotherapy Plan
- SOAP note
- CORE Pharmacotherapy Plan
- PRIME Pharmacotherapy problems
- FARM note
- Implementation of Drug Therapy Plan
- Monitoring of Pharmacotherapeutic plan
- Pharmaceutical care plan as ongoing process
- Importance of drug therapy plan in today’s pharmacy practice.
- Pharmacotherapy Decision-Making:
- Pursue the role of drug therapy practitioner over that of drug therapy advisor
- Participate in pharmacotherapy decision-making by:
- Identifying opportunities for decision-making.
- Proactively engaging decision-making opportunities.
- Formulating decision rationale that is the result of rigorous inquiry, scientific reasoning, and evidence.
- Pursuing the highest levels of decision-making
- Seeking independence in making decisions and accepting personal responsibility for the outcomes to patients resulting from one’s decisions.
- Personally, enacting decisions.
- Introduction, Drug literature selection, Drug literature evaluation and Drug literature communication.
- Professionalism, physical assessment, body substance precautions and the relationships between culture, race and gender to pharmaceutical care.
- Disease management should be covered by considering aspects like definition of disease, etiology, pathogenesis, clinical presentation, diagnostic work out (briefly), pharmacotherapy.
- Unit I: Cardiovascular unit (hypertension, ischemic heart diseases e.g. angina pectoris. MI, Heart failure)
- Unit II: Pulmonary unit (Asthma e.g. acute & chronic, status asthamaticus, childhood asthma, Pneumonia, COPD includes emphysema & chronic bronchitis)
- Unit III: Gastroentrology unit (ulcer, liver cirrhosis, portal hypertension, hepatitis, inflammatory bowel disease, diarrhoea).