In exercise of the powers conferred by Section 28 of the Capital University of Science and Technology Act, 2015 (Act No. XVI of 2015), the Board of Governors of the University is pleased to make the following regulations for graduate programs at the Capital University of Science and Technology, namely:—

1. Short Title and Commencement

  1. These regulations may be called the Capital University of Science and Technology Graduate Programs (PhD) Regulations, 2019.
  2. These regulations shall come into force at once.

2.      Definitions – In these regulations, unless there is anything repugnant in, the subject or context

  1. “Academic Council” means Academic Council of the University.
  2. “Board of advanced studies and research” means board of advanced studies and research (BASR) of the University.
  3. “Controller of Examinations” means Controller of Examinations of the University.
  4. “Credit Hour” means one hour of classroom teaching or three hours of lab teaching in one week.
  5. “Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA)” means earned grade points multiplied by credit hours of that course, the sum of the product is then divided by the total number of credit hours attempted in the program.
  6. “Dean” means the Dean of the faculty in which the scholar is pursuing his/her studies.
  7. “Defense committee” means a committee constituted by the BASR for the oral defense of a PhD dissertation.
  8. “Department” means the department of the University in which the student is admitted.
  9. “Dissertation” means a piece of writing by the scholar involving original study of a subject through academic research.
  10. “External” means an expert from outside the department or the University.
  11. “Fall semester” means last semester of the calendar year.
  12. “Faculty” means a teaching entity of the University.
  13. “Grade Point Average (GPA)” means earned grade points multiplied by credit hours of that course, the sum of the product is then divided by the total number of credit hours attempted in a semester.
  14. “Registrar” means Registrar of the University.
  15. “Registration department” means registration department of the University.
  16. “Regular semester” means spring or fall semester.
  17. “Higher Education Commission (HEC)” means the Higher Education Commission of Pakistan.
  18. “Scholar” means a student who has been awarded admission in a PhD program of the University and his registration is intact.
  19. “Semester” means a period of 16 weeks of academic activities.
  20. “Similarity index” means a report generated by a plagiarism checking software for a particular piece of writing.
  21. “Spring Semester” means first semester of the calendar year.
  22. “Summer semester” means a semester falling between spring and fall semesters having 8 weeks duration.
  23. “Supervisor” means a professor/researcher having PhD degree appointed by the BASR to advise the scholar.
  24. “University” means the Capital University of Science and Technology.

3.      Admission Requirements

  1.  An applicant desirous for admission in a PhD program shall be required to meet the following minimum eligibility criteria:
    1. MS/MPhil degree in the relevant discipline from a degree awarding institution recognized by the Higher Education Commission (HEC) of Pakistan;
    2. At least 3.0 (on the scale of 4.0) Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA) in the MS/MPhil degree or 60% aggregate marks if the degree is earned from an annual system; and
    3. Qualify University admission test with 70% marks or HEC approved test with 60%.
  2. A PhD applicant having MS/MPhil degree from abroad shall submit an equivalence certificate from the HEC indicating his/her academic eligibility for admission in the PhD program.
  3. An applicant who has already completed a part of PhD credit hours (Cr. Hrs.) in another HEC recognized University may be eligible for admission subject to the following conditions:
    1. no transfer of Cr. Hrs. against research work shall be made; and
    2. the University shall have the exclusive right to accept or reject the request for transfer of Cr. Hrs. against course work.
  4. The admission of an applicant in the PhD program shall be subject to the approval of the board of advanced studies and research (BASR).

4. Degree Requirements

  1. A PhD scholar shall be required to successfully complete all of the following requirements:
    1. 18 Cr. Hrs. course work;
    2. 30 Cr. Hrs. research work;
    3. comprehensive examination;
    4. research work synopsis;
    5. dissertation foreign reviews;
    6. publication/acceptance of at least one research paper in a reputed research journal, and
    7. dissertation defense
  2. Subject to regulation 5(10), a PhD scholar shall cease to continue his/her studies if he/she fails to complete 18 Cr. Hrs. coursework within four regular semesters with at least 3.00/4.00 CGPA.

5. Registration

  1. The maximum allowable registration of credit hours in a Spring or Fall semester shall be nine (09) Cr. Hrs. while in a Summer semester it shall be three (03) Cr. Hrs.
  2. A PhD scholar shall register in each regular semester.
  3. A PhD scholar who is not registered in a regular semester shall have an inactive registration status unless the scholar is on a semester break.
  4. A PhD scholar who has completed 48 Cr. Hrs. registration but did not complete the degree program shall register at least 01 Cr. Hr. in subsequent regular semester to continue to maintain his/her registration status active.
  5. An unauthorized absence of the scholar from the University for two consecutive regular semesters shall lead to cancellation of the admission.
  6. Where the admission of a scholar has been cancelled, the re-admission request may be considered, if supported by the Supervisor, and if the scholar has a chance to complete the program within maximum allowed duration.
  7. A PhD scholar may add or drop a course within a specified period announced by the Registration Department and a course so added or dropped shall be deemed to have been registered or omitted, as the case may be, from the start of registration.
  8. A scholar may withdraw a course within the time limits announced by the Registration Department and a course so withdrawn shall be reported on the transcript with ‘W’ grade.
  9. A withdrawn course shall not be counted towards the calculation of Grade Point Average (GPA). However, it shall be treated as a registered course for the evaluation of tuition fee.
  10. A PhD scholar may repeat up to a maximum of six (06) Cr. Hrs. to improve his/her CGPA but if he/she fails to obtain 3.0/4.0 CGPA after registering 24 Cr. Hrs. coursework, he/she shall cease to be the student of the University.
  11. In order to improve CGPA, a graduate student is allowed to improve a maximum of 2 courses within normal degree duration. The original as well as the revised grades of all repeated courses shall be shown on the transcript; however, better grades shall be considered towards CGPA calculation.

6. Assessment of Tuition Fee

  1. Fee shall be charged per credit hour as determined by the University from time to time.
  2. Tuition fee for the registered credit(s) shall be paid within due date to validate the registration. Non-payment of fee within the due date shall result in default.
  3. A student who defaults in payment of fee shall not appear in the attendance roll.
  4. In a regular semester, if the fee is not paid, within the prescribed time, the registration of the course(s) may be cancelled.
  5. For all practical purposes, the cancelled course(s) shall be deemed as never registered.
  6. In a Summer semester, if a course is registered, it shall be treated as confirmed and fee shall be charged.

7. Course Examinations

    1. A scholar shall be eligible for final term examination only if he/she meets the requirements specified from time to time by the office of Controller of Examinations.
    2. Midterm and final term examinations shall be administered by the office of Controller of Examinations.
    3. Midterm and Final Term examinations of a course shall be as per the datesheet announced by the Controller of Examinations and if a scholar misses an examination for any reason, there shall be no re-examination.
    4. The University, in general, follows the relative grading scheme which on absolute scale has the following definition:
Marks Letter Grades Grade Points Definition
86-100 A 4.00 Excellent
82-85 A- 3.67 Very Good
78-81 B+ 3.33 Good
74-77 B 3.00 Acceptable
70-73 B- 2.67 Average
66-69 C+ 2.33 Below Average
62-65 C 2.00 Poor
58-61 C- 1.67 Exceptionally Weak
Below 58 F 0.00 Fail
I Work in Progress
W Withdrawn
P Pass
S/US Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory
NC Non Credit
() Grade Replaced
  1. A scholar not satisfied with the awarded grade may file a petition to the office of Controller of Examinations for the review of the final grade within fifteen days after the declaration of the result. The review of the grade shall be limited to omissions and calculation errors.

8. Retake of Final Examination

  1. Retake examination can be considered under two extenuating circumstances: a) serious illness of the student or b) death of an immediate family member.
  2. The student must intimate the CoE Office prior to the examination and a detailed application with evidence indicating exceptional circumstances faced by the student must be submitted as soon as possible but not later than 7 days from the date of examination.
  3. In case of self illness, a certifiable evidence from a reputed Hospital shall be required.
  4. In case of death of an immediate family member (Parent/Real Brother or Sister/Son or Daughter/Husband or Wife) a death certificate from an appropriate office should be submitted.
  5. A three members Dean Committee constituted for the purpose shall interview the applicants, if deemed appropriate, and it shall verify the submitted evidence to assess the genuineness of the requests. It shall finalize its findings within two weeks from the date of declaration of result.
  6. If the retake application is because of the death of an immediate family member, only one day exam(s) could be considered for reexamination.
  7. If the retake application is because of the death of an immediate family member, only one day exam(s) could be considered for reexamination.
  8. If retake is approved by the Deans Committee, I-Grade shall be granted to the approved cases, which must be converted into an earned grade within four weeks from the date of declaration of the result; otherwise I-Grade shall be converted into F-Grade.
  9. Retake examination shall be awarded final letter grade on absolute scale.
  10. If a student failed to attend all the examinations of the registered courses, he/she shall not be considered for retake; rather the Deans Committee shall evaluate such a case for semester freeze/drop and in this respect, its finding shall be final.

9. Probation & Expulsion

  1. A PhD scholar who fail to maintain a minimum CGPA of 3.00/4.00, shall be placed on warning status at the time of declaration of the result.
  2. Students with two consecutive warnings shall be placed on probation for the next semester and at the end of that semester, if he/she fails once again to attain the minimum CGPA that is 3.00/4.00, such students shall cease to continue their program.

10. Comprehensive Examination

  1. A PhD scholar is required to qualify the comprehensive examination within a maximum of two attempts. Maximum duration to qualify comprehensive examination shall be two years from the date of admission.
  2. A PhD scholar is required to register for the comprehensive examination, which shall be conducted in each regular semester (Spring or Fall).
  3. List of the PhD registered scholars, who shall appear in the PhD comprehensive examination shall be issued under the seal of Controller of Examinations.
  4. For a given program, the courses and the course contents of the comprehensive examination shall be defined by the scholar’s respective department.
  5. A PhD scholar is required to qualify both oral and written parts of the comprehensive examination with a cumulative qualifying score of at least 60%.
  6. A PhD scholar who registered the comprehensive examination but did not appear in the examination shall be deemed to have consumed one chance with ‘W’ grade.
  7. A PhD scholar may drop the registration of the comprehensive examination and such a request shall be considered if it is communicated in writing by the scholar at least two working days before the holding of examination.
  8. A PhD scholar who failed the comprehensive examination in the second attempt or completed two years as a PhD scholar but did not qualify the comprehensive examination shall cease to continue his/her studies.

11. Research Synopsis

  1. Research synopsis shall be submitted as per the approved format and it shall be qualified by the PhD scholar at least two semesters prior to the dissertation submission. The semester in which it is qualified shall be counted and the date of qualification shall be the date of examination, subject to the approval by the BASR.
  2. Subject to the BASR approval, the synopsis shall be examined by a committee, constituted by the Chairman BASR on the recommendation of the Dean, comprising of:
    1. Dean of the faculty/his nominee             –               Chairman
    2. BASR nominee                                            –               Member
    3. one internal examiner                               –               Member
    4. supervisor                                                    –               Member
  3. A synopsis shall be evaluated as:
    1. accepted as is;
    2. accepted with revisions;
    3. rejected
  4. In case of revision, the revised synopsis shall be submitted within four weeks, failing which the synopsis shall be rejected.
  5. A rejected synopsis may be submitted at any time during a semester for re-examination with a certificate from the supervisor that ‘reasons of rejection have been addressed adequately’
  6. Recommendations of synopsis evaluation committee shall be placed before the BASR for approval or otherwise.

12. Research

  1. Research credits registered by a PhD scholar shall be evaluated by the scholar’s supervisor at the end of each semester with satisfactory or unsatisfactory grade, and a scholar with unsatisfactory performance shall be placed on probation.
  2. A PhD dissertation, as per the approved format, may be submitted after the completion of 30 research Cr. Hrs. subject to the conditions that the scholar must have an active registration status at the time of submission and having completed three years of duration.
  3. A PhD dissertation shall be cleared for foreign review if its similarity index is less than 20% in total, and less than 5% from a single source. Similarity from the student’s own published work carried out during the PhD studies shall be excluded.
  4. In case of any ambiguity in plagiarism assessment, the following committee shall evaluate the case and submit its recommendations to the BASR for decision:
    1. concerned Dean
    2. concerned Head of Department
    3. scholar’s Supervisor
    4. Director Graduate Studies
  5. A PhD dissertation shall be reviewed by at least two foreign experts from a technologically/academically advanced country as per the list published by the HEC from time to time. Fee associated with the foreign review shall be paid by the scholar.
  6. BASR shall approve a panel of three foreign reviewers out of five proposed by the concerned Dean in consultation with the supervisor.
  7. A foreign review recommending revisions shall be accepted under the Supervisor’s certificate and if a reviewer is asking for major revisions it shall be sent back to the concerned reviewer, after corrections, if so desired by the reviewer.
  8. A PhD dissertation must have at least two out of three positive foreign reviews to make the scholar eligible for the final defense.
  9. The Dean shall propose the examiners for the final defense, in consultation with the supervisor, for the approval of the BASR. The Chairman of the BASR may allow the conduct of the defense in anticipation of the BASR approval, after the receipt of approved fee.
  10. A PhD dissertation shall be examined, in an open defense, by a defense committee comprising of:
    1. Dean of the faculty
    2. two external examiners Members
    3. one internal examiner Member
    4. supervisor Member

Provided that if the Dean of the concerned faculty himself is the supervisor, then a senior faculty member shall be appointed by the BASR as the chairman of the defense committee.

  1. The chairman of the defense committee shall ensure the fairness in the conduct of the defense and the recommendations received from the members under regulation 12(12) shall be presented in the next BASR meeting for approval or otherwise.
  2. After the defense, the chairman of the defense committee shall invite the recommendations of the examiners that:
    1. dissertation may be accepted as is;
    2. dissertation may be accepted after minor revisions;
    3. dissertation may be accepted after major revisions or
    4. dissertation may be rejected
  3. A dissertation with minor revisions shall be submitted within 04 weeks from the date of defense and shall be accepted with a certificate from the supervisor that ‘the revisions have been incorporated’.
  4. A dissertation with major revisions shall be submitted within 12 weeks from the date of examination and shall be accepted with certificates from both external and internal examiners that ‘the revisions have been incorporated satisfactorily’
  5. A dissertation with major revision requires re-defense by the same defense committee, however, the re-defense can be waived-off by the BASR by evaluating the certificates furnished by the examiners.
  6. If, after the final defense, a scholar fails to submit the corrected version of his/her dissertation, within specified time then, unless a time extension request is made in writing and approved by the Chairman BASR, his/her dissertation may be rejected with the approval of the BASR.
  7. In case of difference of opinion by the defense committee examiners the recommendations of majority shall prevail for the purpose of approval of the BASR.
  8. A dissertation may be rejected if the examiners are convinced, for reasons to be recorded, that most of the research work presented in the scholar’s dissertation is not carried out by him/her independently and there is a significant external help involved and the scholar does not have reasonable strength of knowledge on the material presented in the dissertation.
  9. A scholar whose dissertation has been rejected by the BASR on the recommendations of the defense committee shall cease to be the student of the University.
  10. If the chairman of the defense committee observed that in his opinion the conduct and the recommendations of the examiners were not fair, he may submit his written observations to the BASR with the request that the defense may be nullified, and upon receiving the report of the Chairman, the BASR may nullify the oral defense and direct that a fresh defense be arranged by constituting a new defense committee which may comprise of one or more examiners different from the previous examiners.
  11. Publication of at least one research paper from the PhD research work, after the approval of synopsis, representing Scholar’s sole affiliation with the University as the principal author, in an Impact Factor (WoS) journal having at least HEC defined X-Category, shall be a requirement. A co-author from outside the University is not allowed except for the approved collaborative research.
  12. A scholar’s PhD degree completion shall be subject to BASR approval, and the date of completion shall be the date on which the case is approved.
  13. A scholar’s PhD degree completion shall be subject to BASR approval, and the date of completion shall be the date on which the case is approved.
  14. A minimum duration for the PhD degree shall be three (03) years and the maximum allowable duration, inclusive of semester breaks, shall be seven (07) years from the date of admission. However, the BASR can relax the upper limit to a maximum of one year.

13. Removal of difficulties

  1. If any difficulty arises in giving effect to the provisions of these regulations, the Academic Council may, by order, do anything which appears to it to be necessary for the purpose of removing the difficulty.