BS Biotechnology

About The Program

Biotechnology is the use of living organisms to create new products and processes. This field is an application of scientific and engineering principles to process materials by the use of biological agents to deliver goods and services. It is an applied science and has great scope in medical, agricultural, food and pharmaceutical sciences. Our BS Biotechnology curriculum has been designed to produce graduates with updated and practical knowledge of this multidisciplinary and emerging field.

Program Mission

To produce quality graduates to meet current and future challenges in the domain of Biotechnology through academic excellence, while maintaining ethical and social values

Admission Requirements

  • Higher Secondary School Certificate or equivalent securing at least 45% marks in aggregate.
  • CUST Admission Test or HEC Approved Test.

Degree Requirements

Each candidate for the BS Biotechnology degree is required to successfully earn 132 credit hours as per the following detail:

AREA Cr. Hrs.
General Education 39
Distribution Requirement 18
Major Courses 54
Elective Courses 15
Community Service 00
Project 06
Internship 00
Practical Learning Lab 00

General Education (25 Cr. Hrs.)

Course Title Code Cr. Hrs.
Islamic Studies / Ethics BBTG1013 3
English-I BBTG1113 3
Introduction to Psychology BBTG1213 3
Basic Mathematics BBTG1313 3
Computing and Analytics BBTG1413 3
Language-I BBTG15x3 3
Pakistan Studies BBTG1023 3
English-II BBTG1123 3
Introduction to Sociology BBTG1223 3
Calculus BBTG1323 3
Statistical Methods in Biology BBTG1423 3
Language-II BBTG15x3 3
English-III BBTG2133 3

Distribution Requirements (18 Cr. Hrs.)

Course Title Code Cr. Hrs.
Accounting-I ACBS2003 3
Bioethics and Biosafety BS3823 3
Introduction to Management MGBS4003 3
Functional Genomics BS4523 3
Machine Learning CSBS4613 3
Introduction to Data Science CSBS4883 3

Major Courses (54 Cr. Hrs.)

Course Title Code Cr. Hrs.
Cell Biology BS1113 3
Cell Biology Lab BS1111 1
Introduction to Microbiology BS1143 3
Introduction to Microbiology Lab BS1141 1
Introduction to Immunology BS1153 3
Introduction to Immunology Lab BS1151 1
Biophysics BS2143 3
Animal and Plant Physiology BS2153 3
Chemistry BS2213 3
Biochemistry BS2223 3
Biochemistry Lab BS2221 1
Molecular Genetics BS2423 3
Molecular Genetics Lab BS2421 1
Introduction to Bioinformatics BS2713 3
Introduction to Bioinformatics Lab BS2711 1
Microbial Biotechnology BT3373 3
Industrial Biotechnology BT3733 3
Introduction to Biotechnology BS3813 3
Health Biotechnology BT3843 3
Agriculture Biotechnology BT3853 3
Genetic Engineering BT4453 3
Environmental Biotechnology BT4873 3

Elective Courses (15 Cr. Hrs.)

Course Title Code Cr. Hrs.
Microbial Ecology MB2323 3
Medical Microbiology MB3313 3
Mycology MB3353 3
Epidemiology BS3363 3
Water and Wastewater Treatment BS3523 3
Tissue and Cell Culture BS3713 3
Fungal Biotechnology BS3743 3
Veterinary Microbiology MB3783 3
Soil Microbiology MB4323 3
Food Microbiology MB4333 3
Environmental Law and Policy BS4623 3
Nano Biotechnology BS4793 3
Pharmaceutical Biotechnology BS4843 3
Food Biotechnology BS4853 3
Endocrinology BS3183 3
Bio-entrepreneurship BS4893 3
Gene Therapy BT4463 3

Design Project (06 Cr. Hrs.)

Course Title Code Cr. Hrs.
Design Project I BS4912 2
Design Project II BS4924 4

Practical Lab Learning (PLXXX0x0)

Each student is required to complete training spread over 4 semesters in one of the following:
a) Entrepreneurship (PLENX0x0)
b) Extracurricular Activities (PLSPX0x0)
c) Co-Curricular Activities (PLYCX0x0)

Internship (BS4200)

It is mandatory for every student to register in an 8 week summer internship program following their 6th semester or after the completion of 90 credit hours. A formal evaluation is carried out and Pass/Fail grade is awarded to the student.

Community Service (VIS4000)

It is mandatory for every student to get involved in 65 hours community service during summer (not allowed when student is registered for internship) following their 4th semester or after completion of 50 credit hours.

Program Duration

This is a four-year degree program comprising of 8 semesters with minimum of 132 semester credit hours (Cr. Hrs). There will be a Fall and a Spring semester in each year. The summer session will be utilized for internships or de ciency courses. The maximum duration to complete BS is 7 years.

CGPA Requirement

A student is required to earn a minimum 2.00/4.00 CGPA on the completion of his/her degree requirements.

Semester - 1

Course Code Course Title Lec. Hrs Lab. Hrs Cr. Hrs.
BBTG 1113 English-I 3 0 3
BBTG 1213 Introduction to Psychology 3 0 3
BBTG 1313 Basic Mathematics 3 0 3
BBTG 1413 Computing and Analytics 3 0 3
BBTG 15×3 Language-I 3 0 3
BBTG 1013 Islamic Studies/Ethics 3 0 3

Semester - 2

Course Code Course Title Lec. Hrs Lab. Hrs Cr. Hrs.
BBTG 1123 English-II 3 0 3
BBTG 1223 Introduction to Sociology 3 0 3
BBTG 1323 Calculus 3 0 3
BBTG 1423 Statistical Methods in Biology 3 0 3
BBTG 15×3 Language-II 3 0 3
BBTG 1023 Pakistan Studies 3 0 3

Semester - 3

Course Code Course Title Lec. Hrs Lab. Hrs Cr. Hrs.
BBTG 2133 English-III 3 0 3
BS 1113 Cell Biology 3 0 3
BS 1111 Cell Biology Lab 3 0 3
BS 1153 Introduction to Immunology 3 0 3
BS 1151 Introduction to Immunology Lab 3 0 3
BS 1143 Introduction to Microbiology 3 0 3
BS 1141 Introduction to Microbiology Lab 3 0 3
ACBS 2003 Accounting – I 3 0 3

Semester - 4

Course Code Course Title Lec. Hrs Lab. Hrs Cr. Hrs.
BS 2223 Biochemistry 3 0 3
BS 2221 Biochemistry Lab 0 3 1
BS 2423 Molecular Genetics 3 0 3
BS 2421 Molecular Genetics Lab 0 3 1
BS 2713 Introduction to Bioinformatics 3 0 3
BS 2711 Introduction to Bioinformatics Lab 0 3 1
MGBS 4003 Introduction to Management 3 0 3
BS 3823 Bioethics and Biosafety 3 0 3

Semester - 5

Course Code Course Title Lec. Hrs Lab. Hrs Cr. Hrs.
BS 2143 Biophysics 3 0 3
BS 2213 Chemistry 3 0 3
BT 3373 Microbial Biotechnology 3 0 3
BS 2153 Animal and Plant Physiology 3 0 3
CSBS 4883 Introduction to data Science 3 0 3
PLXX 4010 Practical Learning Lab-I 3 0 3

Semester - 6

Course Code Course Title Lec. Hrs Lab. Hrs Cr. Hrs.
CSBS 4613 Machine Learning 3 0 3
BS 4523 Functional Genomics 3 0 3
BT 3733 Industrial Biotechnology 3 0 3
BT 3853 Agriculture Biotechnology 3 0 3
PLXX 4020 Practical Learning Lab-II 3 0 3
BS 3813 Introduction to Biotechnology 3 0 3

Semester - 7

Course Code Course Title Lec. Hrs Lab. Hrs Cr. Hrs.
BT 4873 Environmental Biotechnology 3 0 3
BT 3843 Health Biotechnology 3 0 3
MB 4323 Soil Microbiology 3 0 3
BS 4793 Nano-Biotechnology 3 0 3
BS 4924 Project Design – I 3 0 3
PLXX 4040 Practical Learning Lab-IV 0 0 0

Semester - 8

Course Code Course Title Lec. Hrs Lab. Hrs Cr. Hrs.
BT 4453 Genetic Engineering 3 0 3
BS 3743 Fungal Biotechnology 3 0 3
BS 3463 Pharmacogenomics 3 0 3
BS 3523 Water and Wastewater Treatment 3 0 3
BS 4924 Project Design – II 3 0 3
PLXX 4040 Practical Learning Lab-IV 0 0 0
 Sr. # Statement
  PEO-1 The graduates will contribute competently in the industry related to biotechnology by applying requisite technical skills.
  PEO-2 The graduates will demonstrate advancement in profession by enhancing their knowledge and skills in their relevant field.
  PEO-3 The graduates will demonstrate commitment to ethical values and contribute positively towards the society.
  Sr. # Learning Objective Statement
  PLO-1 Knowledge

An ability to apply fundamental and specialized knowledge of biotechnology to the solution of complex biotechnological problems.

  PLO-2 Hypothesis Formulation

An ability to identify, formulate, research literature, analyze complex biotechnology problems, reaching substantiated conclusions towards formulation of hypothesis using fundamental principles of biotechnology.

  PLO-3 Experiment/ Process Design

An ability to design experimental solutions to validate biotechnology Hypothesis and design process while maintaining biotechnology standards, cultural, societal, and environmental considerations.

  PLO-4 Investigation

An ability to investigate complex issues in biotechnology in a methodical way including literature survey, and development of systems, analysis and interpretation of experimental data, and synthesis of information to derive valid conclusions.

  PLO-5 Modern Tool Usage

An ability to select and apply appropriate techniques, resources, and modern tools, including prediction and modeling, to complex biotechnology activities, with an understanding of the limitations.

  PLO-6 Impact Analysis

An ability to apply reasoning informed by contextual knowledge to assess societal, legal and cultural issues and the consequent responsibilities relevant to professional biotechnology practice and solution to complex biotechnology problems.

  PLO-7 Management Skills

An ability to demonstrate management skills and apply biotechnology principles to one’s own work, as a member and/or leader in a team, to manage projects in a multidisciplinary environment.

  PLO-8 Team Work

An ability to work effectively, as an individual or in a team, on multifaceted and /or multidisciplinary settings.

  PLO-9 Ethics

Apply ethical principles and commit to professional ethics and responsibilities and norms of biotechnology practice.

  PLO-10 Communication

An ability to communicate effectively, orally as well as in writing, on complex biotechnology activities with the biotechnology community and with society at large, such as being able to comprehend and write effective reports and design documentation, make effective presentations, and give and receive clear instructions.

  PLO-11 Lifelong Learning

An ability to recognize importance of, and pursue lifelong learning in the broader context of innovation and technological developments.