Electricity is the only form of energy which is easy to produce, easy to transport, easy to use and easy to control. Electricity in bulk quantities is produced in power plants, which can be, thermal using fossil fuel, nuclear, hydraulic, Gas turbine and Geothermal. 80% electricity is produced by thermal power plants using fossil fuels. The general objective is to provide students with a broad understanding of electricity generation process and equipment. At the end of the course, student should be able to understand principles of energy conversion from fossil fuels, such as coal, oil, gas, nuclear fuels and other alternates of energy production. Students will also be able to understand the environmental aspects on production of electrical energy.


CLO-1: Analyze the power plant operation and dependency of various plant parameters on efficiency and heat rate of the power plant.  (C4)
CLO-2: Select the most feasible solution for power generation within available natural resources through report and oral presentation. (C4)
CLO-3: Analyze various types of power plants with respect to effect of releases to the environment. (C4)


  • Review of Basic Concepts – Analysis of Steam Cycle – Four Lectures
  • Steam Generator – Various types/ designs of steam generators, and their accessories, Safety and Relief Valves – Three Lectures
  • Fuel and Combustion – Types of fuel, various types of coal, coal analysis, pulverization, gasification, etc. – Five Lectures
  • Steam Turbine – impulse and reaction turbines, Turbine blading, Turbine Losses, Axial thrust, Turbine Governing and Load Control – Four Lectures
  • Condensate, Feed-water and Circulating Water Systems, Type of Pumps for feed water and circulating water Systems, Type of Pumps for feed water and circulating water – Four Lectures
  • Gas Turbines and Combined Cycle Power Plants – Four Lectures
  • Nuclear Energy and Nuclear Power Plants – Four Lectures
  • Non-Conventional Power Generation – Hydro Electric, Solar Energy, Wind Energy – Two Lectures
  • Environmental Aspects of Power Generation – Two Lectures