## COURSE OBJECTIVES

• To enable students to learn advanced principles of fluid mechanics for broader application to civil engineering projects.

### COURSE LEARNING OUTCOMES (CLO)

CLO: 1. To analyze the forces in fluid flow, similitude & dimensional analysis and uniform flow in open channels
CLO: 2. To assess the performance of turbines and pumps.
CLO: 3. To clarify and justify the basic concepts of pumps and turbines.
CLO: 4. To perform various calculation of fluid flows using MS Excel

## COURSE CONTENTS

1. Similitude and Dimensional Analysis
• Similitude in hydraulic models
• Similitude requirements: geometric, kinematics and dynamics similarities
• Dimensionless numbers and their significance
• Releigh’s method
• Buckingham’s PI-theorem and its application, physical models, techniques and analysis
• Introduction to numerical models
2. Impacts of Jet
• Development of the momentum principle
• Application of the momentum principle
• Forces on pressure conduits
• Force of a free jet on stationary vane
• Force of a free jet on moving vane
3. Water Turbines
• Types, reaction and impulse-turbines
• Momentum equation applied to turbines
• Specify speed, Turbine characteristic
4. Centrifugal Pumps
• Classifications
• Construction features, operation and efficiencies
• Specific speed and characteristic curves
• Cavitation and operation
5. Reciprocating Pumps
• Types
• Construction features and working,
• Maximum suction lift,
• Air vessels
6. Uniform Flow in Open Channels
• Chezy’s and Manning’s equations
• Bazin’s and Kutter’s equations
• Most economical rectangular and trapezoidal sections
7. Hydrodynamics Review
• Ideal and real fluid
• Differential equation of continuity
• Rotational and irrational flow
• Stream function and velocity potential function
• Brief description of flow fields
• Orthogonality of stream lines and equipotential lines
• Flow net and its limitations
• Different methods of drawing flow net.
8. Introduction to related software