A course designed to incorporate basic elements of science with a variety of technology applications that are used to modify living organisms. Areas of emphasis include basic science laboratory procedures, implementation of the scientific method of discovery, plant science, animal science, environmental science and food science.


CLO: 1. To comprehend the basic principles of agriculture biotechnology [C2-Comprehension].
CLO: 2. Apply the gene manipulation techniques Knowledge to plants and animals [C2-Analysis]
CLO: 3. Analyze the different applications of genetically modified organisms related issues (Current Tool Usage)


      Agriculture biotechnology and its applications in crop improvements
      Cell and plant tissue culture methodology
      Improvement of plants via plant cell culture
      Plant molecular biomarkers
      Direct and indirect methods of plant and animal transformation
      Gene gun method of transformation
      Agrobacterium mediated transformation
      Chloroplast transformation
      Polyethylene glycol (PEG) mediated transformation
      Transgenic crops with herbicide, biotic and abiotic stress resistance
      Problems related to transgenic plants
      Genetically modified organisms (GMOs)
      Field evaluation and commercialization of GMOs
      Possible effects of releasing GMOs into the environment;
      Bio-fertilizers, bio-pesticides and their types; non-symbiotic nitrogen fixers
      Present and future prospects of biofertilizers