This course is an introduction to the physiology of animals and plants. The course will compare and contrast the ways in which animals and plants acquire and process energy, nutrients and water, with particular attention paid to the relationship between structure and function. The animal physiology part begins with discussing the life processes of multicellular organisms, focusing at the level of organs and whole animals. The course will provide basic knowledge regarding the development and composition of tissues and organ systems in the animal kingdom.
The plant physiology part covers the uniqueness of plants and of plant cells, including anatomy, growth and differentiation processes, as well as stress physiology and flowering. Focus is given on cell wall synthesis, cell stretching, nutrition and natural products. Furthermore, the course discusses plant model systems, transformation techniques, in vitro culture of plants, tissue-specific gene expression and databases relevant to plant biotechnology


CLO: 1. Understanding of some of the processes that are important to the normal functioning of plants and animals
CLO: 2. Be able to analyze scientific information regarding animal and plant physiology and molecular biology
CLO: 3. Be able to assess the correlation between anatomical structures and physiological functions


  • Introduction to the course and course objectives Plant Cell
  • The Plant structure
  • Transport and Translocation of Water and Solutes
  • Water Transport through the Xylem
  • Mineral Nutrition
  • Secondary metabolites and plant defense
  • Induced Plant Defenses against Insect Herbivores
  • Plant Defenses against Pathogens
  • Animal Physiology Cellular Physiology and Homeostasis
  • Body water and Fluids
  • Animal Nutrition
  • Physiology of Digestion
  • Respiratory System
  • The Cardio Vascular System
  • Physiology of Excretion and Osmoregulation
  • Control and Coordination Endocrine System