1. To enable students to learn basics of general drawing and civil engineering drawing.
2. To understand fundamentals of architectural, structural, plumbing, electrical and HVAC drawings.


CLO:1 Learn basics of both general engineering drawing and basic civil engineering drawings.
CLO:2 Understand the fundamentals of architectural, structural, plumbing and electrical drawings.
CLO:3 Have skills to (i) produce architectural, structural, & plumbing drawings and (ii) study electrical & HVAC details/layout.


  1. Introduction to Engineering Drawing and Types of Civil Engineering Drawings
    • Drawing, sketch, painting and map, Drawing instruments and their use
    • Type of drawing lines and appropriate uses, General rules for drawing lines
    • Gothic lettering, Dimensioning, Planning of a drawing sheet
    • Drawing types with respect to technicality (Survey plan, contour plan, geotechnical plan, infrastructures drawing, architectural drawing, structural drawing, plumbing drawing, electrical drawing, HVAC drawing)
    • Drawing types with respect to project execution (Proposals/PC-1 drawing, Submission/Tender drawing, Working /Construction drawing, Completion /As-built drawing)
  2. Conceptual Drawings and Projection system
    • Conceptual drawing
    • Projection system and its variables, Classification of projections
    • Perspective and parallel projections, Oblique projection
    • Axonometric projection (isometric projection)
    • Orthographic projections (First-angle and third-angle projection) and their comparison
    • Importance of line types and rules
    • Glass box concept and six principle views
    • Comparison between isometric and orthographic views
    • Sections, Details behind the cutting plane, Parts not sectioned, Scaling
  3. Architectural Plan, Elevation and Section of a Simple Building
    • Architectural views (Plan, elevation and section) of a simple building
    • General terminologies and symbols including schedule of opening
    • Architectural design of a house
    • Seismic requirement for architectural design, General notes
  4. Structural Details of a Simple Building
    • Foundation plan, Plinth plan, Lintel plan, Slab plan
    • Cross-sectional details of foundation, columns, vertical stiffeners, plinth band, lintel band, lintels, beams and slabs, General notes
  5. Architectural and Structural Details of Boundary Wall and Staircase
    • Plan, elevation and section of a boundary wall
    • Structural design considerations
    • Simple staircase and its components terminology
    • Architectural details of a simple stair
    • Structural details of a simple stair, Types of stairs
  6. Structural Details of Water Tank
    • Base slab
    • Top slab
    • Section
    • Sump pit detail
    • Cover detail
    • General notes
  7. Plumbing, sanitation, and Roof Drainage Plan of a Simple Building
    • Typical water supply system
    • Water and waste water removal system
    • Roof drainage slopes
    • Standard Plumbing symbols
    • General notes
  8. Electrical and HVAC Drawings of a Simple Buildings
    • Typical layout of electrification
    • Symbols used for electrical layout
    • Typical layout of HVAC
    • Symbols used for HVAC layout
    • General notes