1. To familiarize the students with the fundamental properties of concrete.

2. To enable students to design various structural concrete members of a structure manually and using softwares.


CLO:1 to review properties of plain concrete, design methods of reinforced concrete and structural system of simple buildings. (C5)
CLO:2 to design simple RC structural members under different conditions (i.e. loadings, boundary etc) by manual calculations. (C6)
CLO:3 to seek clarification and justify (i) prepared structural system of simple RC buildings and (ii) manual gravity designs of simple RC members. (A3)
CLO:4 to develop finite element model of simple RC structure under gravity loadings and its structural detailing using computer programs (e.g. ETABS/SAFE/AUTOCAD). (C6)


  1. Plain Concrete (Properties, Application and Testing)
    • Concrete constituent material and its mechanical properties
    • Properties of freshly mixed concrete
    • Durability aspects and factors contributing towards durability
    • Creep and shrinkage of concrete
    • Mix design and quality control
    • Additives and admixtures
    • Air entrainment
    • Lightweight concrete
    • Hot and cold weather concrete
    • Precast concrete with special reference to cement concrete blocks
    • Determination of fundamental structural properties of concrete and nondestructive testing (NDT)
  2. Reinforced Concrete (Basic Principles, Working Stress and Ultimate Strength Method)
    • Basic principles of reinforced concrete design and associated assumptions, behavior of reinforced concrete members in flexure, design philosophy, design codes, factor of safety and load factors, prevailing methods of design of reinforced concrete members
    • Working stress method, serviceability criteria and checks for deflection, crack width, and crack spacing, Importance of working stress method related to prestress
    • Ultimate strength method, analysis of prismatic and non-prismatic sections in flexure, compatibility based analysis of sections and code requirements for flexure
  3. Structural Framing and Load Calculations of a Simple Structure for Gravity Design
    • Structural framing
    • Load calculations, types of basic loads, service and factored load combinations
    • Load distribution and calculations for slabs, beams, columns and footings
  4. Slab Analysis and Design for Gravity Loading
    • One-way solid and ribbed slabs
    • Two way solid slabs
    • General discussion on other slab systems
    • Auto Cad drawing
  5. Beam Analysis and Design for Gravity Loading
    • Flexure analysis and design of beams (singly, doubly, rectangle section, T/L sections, simple span, one end and both end continuous etc)
    • Shear analysis and design of beams
    • Torsion analysis and design of beams
    • Auto Cad drawing
  6. Columns Analysis and Design for Gravity Loading
    • Flexure analysis and design of columns (square, rectangle and circular section; axially, uni-axially and bi-axially loaded columns)
    • Shear analysis and design of columns
    • Auto Cad drawing
  7. Footings Analysis and Design for Gravity Loading
    • Isolated footings (square and rectangular)
    • Simple combined footing
    • Auto Cad drawing
  8. Concrete Detailing (Bond, Anchorage & Development Length)
    • Design and detailing for bond, anchorage, development length, laps and splices
  9. Computer Aided Analysis and Design for Gravity Loading
    • Software introduction
    • Geometry, loading and design options in software
    • Computer aided analysis and design of a simple structure under gravity loading
    • Auto Cad drawing