The course has been designed as a compulsory subject for the students studying for Bachelor’s degree, professional. The course is of 2 credit hours carrying 100 marks (recommended). The teaching work is comprised of three dimensions: Historical Perspective (20%); Government and Politics (40%); and Contemporary Pakistan (40%).The course framework is issue-oriented. It has many dimensions, the historical and ideological background of Pakistan the process of governance and national development as well as the issues arising in the modern, age and posing challenges to Pakistan. The main objective of this course is to enhance knowledge of the students about history, culture and civilization of Pakistan.


CLO-1: Explain the history of Pakistan and Track Political and constitutional development. (C2)
CLO-2: Analyze Socio-Economic Structure of Pakistan. (C4)
CLO-3: Analyze the impact of diminishing natural resources on the global warming concerns in the wake of geographical conditions of Pakistan (C4)


  1. Historical perspective Ten Lectures
  • Arrival of Muslims in the sub-continent, foundation of Muslim rule (712-1857).
  • Arrival of British-declined of Muslim rule.
  • Ideological rationale with special reference to Sir Syed Ahmed Khan, Allama Muhammad Iqbal and Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah.
  • Factors leading to Muslim separatism.
  • People and land
    • Indus valley Civilization.
    • Muslim Advent of Islam in the Indian Sub-continent.
  • Location and Geo-Physical Features of Pakistan.

2. Government and Politics in Pakistan Ten Lectures

  • Political and Constitutional phases:
    • 1947-58 The Formative Phase (Democratic Governments).
    • 1958-71 Martial Law Regime of Ayub Khan and Yahya Khan.
    • 1971-77 Government of Zulifqar Ali Bhutto (PPP).
    • 1977-88 Zia-ul-Haq’s Martial Law Rule.
    • 1988-99 Period of democratic governments.
    • 1999-08 Pervez Musharruf Era.
    • 2008-13 PPP Government under Asif Ali Zardari
    • 2013…  PML-N Government under Muhammad Nawaz Sharif

3. Contemporary Pakistan Eight Lectures

Socio-Economic institutions and issues

  • Society and culture of Pakistan.
    • Social structure of Pakistan.
    • Role of religion in society.
  • Ethnicity-ethnic issues and National Integration.
  • Foreign Policy of Pakistan.
    • Determinations of Pakistan Foreign Policy.
    • Major Challenges to Foreign Policy of Pakistan.
  • Geo-Strategic Importance of Pakistan.
  • Major Problems and issues Facing Pakistan Today

4. Understanding Geography of Pakistan- Four Lectures

  • Climate, Natural Resources.
  • Global Warming Concerns.
  • Other Environmental issues.